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The following Outcomes portfolio is an indication of the results that will be targeted through the RMI’s Medium Term Budget and Investment Framework’s financial and performance planning, implementation and measurement process. The Outcomes were proactively identified by Ministry of Education (MOE) management and staff. These are being further defined so as to identify outcome targets and actions linked to Compact grant and Federal Program funds and services. This process was initiated in October 2002 and will be completed by March 2003 in order to enable the FY2004 MOE budget and system to be totally performance-oriented and geared towards measurable results.
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There are several sections in the existing Compact that effect Marshallese workers directly or indirectly at USAKA. The key provisions are:
1. Section 171 of the Compact provides that except as provided in the Compact or its related agreements, U.S. laws that applied by virtue of the Trusteeship Agreement, cease to apply as of the effective date of the Compact.
2. Article VIII “Employment of Labor” MUORA provides (1) that U.S. Contractors will comply with “laws of general applicability in the Marshall Islands regarding minimum wages…” (adopts RMI minimum wage law); (2) provides for “equal pay for equal work” in respect to employment of local hire personnel; (3) “grandfathers” Marshallese workers hired before the effective date of the Compact when U.S. minimum wage laws applied; (4) provides for consultation with the RMI Government in respect to training of Marshallese workers and greater utilization of the Marshallese work force.
TITLE ONE: Governmental Relations
Immigration: Although existing immigration provisions do not expire, the U.S. has proposed significant amendments to the existing immigration privileges for Marshallese to enter, live and work in the U.S. without a visa. Although there are many aspects to these proposed changes, the RMI has taken the position that there are certain immigration issues where the RMI can agree with the U.S. without amending the Compact, (such as using secure machine readable passports). The RMI believes that overall, some of the changes proposed by the U.S. would substantially diminish existing rights for Marshallese to enter, live, work, or study in the United States. The RMI has reviewed the latest U.S. proposal, but does not believe that it represents a viable basis for negotiations on the subject of immigration. This view has been expressed to the U.S. and the RMI is hopeful that the U.S. will reconsider its position on these matters.
TITLE TWO: Economic Relations
ESSAY SERIES - Part One: Educational Attainment and Wages
By Ben Graham
A common and longstanding opinion in the RMI holds that the public sector - rather than the private sector - attracts and employs a disproportionate share of educated people. What causes this? Some attribute the lure of the public sector to job security, overseas travel, and other job-related benefits. Most, however, attribute it to higher salaries offered by government jobs. But surprisingly little analysis has gone into proving or disproving this assumption. Does the public sector really employ a disproportionately large share of the RMI’s educated population and does it pay higher wages to its employees?
We can easily test the validity of this assumption through analysis of RMI census and survey data. If the assumption holds true, then statistics on public employees will show higher levels of both educational attainment and earned wages relative to non-public employees.
By Ben Graham and Charles Paul
The conditions and characteristics of peoples’ homes are important indicators of the overall social and economic status of a given population. Basic household characteristics give valuable insight into a population’s standard of living and general quality of life.
As two previous essays have demonstrated, the people of Ebeye have experienced tremendous social and economic change over the past several decades. This essay looks at changes at the household level, focusing specifically on topics such as average household size, new household growth, household income, and a number of basic household characteristics.
By Charles Paul and Ben Graham, OIA/Census
Few other islands have experienced as rapid population growth as has Ebeye. Today, Ebeye is possibly the most densely populated island in all of the Pacific. Throughout the first half of the 1900s, Ebeye had fewer than 100 people. After WWII, and particularly with the development of the US military base on Kwajalien Atoll, however, Ebeye’s population began to explode. By the end of the century, Ebeye’s population had grown over 100-fold, to nearly 10,000. The most rapid period of growth started in the late 1960s. A 1967 census collected by the Peace Corps, four subsequent censuses and two sample surveys conducted through early 2002, gathered data on Ebeye. These data show major social and economic changes in Ebeye’s population.
Download the Essay to view all charts and graphs.
I represent the Kwajalein Negotiation Commission (KNC), an organization established in October 2001 by the people of Kwajalein to represent them in the ongoing Compact renegotiations. Although compact renegotiation discussions between the U.S. Government and the Government of the Republic of the Marshall Islands ((RMI) have been in progress for the past 12 months and are reportedly close to being finalized, no opportunity has been given to the KNC to directly participate in the deliberations. We have completed and presented to the RMI Government, a proposal for a 50-year comprehensive lease arrangement for Kwajalein, which we believe, takes into full account the requirements of both the United States Government and the Kwajalein population. We have requested the RMI Government to convey this proposal to the U.S. Government so that its timely incorporation into the proposed new Compact can be ensured.
Read the entire statement HERE
Ewor jidrik lõkabokbok ibben armij in Majõl ikijien aer melele kin abañ im eñtan ko an landowner ak armij ro aer ailin in Kwajalein. Lõkabokbok in ej itok jen an jabwe melele ibben armij kin tumulalin abañ im eñtan kein eto aer bed ibben armij in Kwajalein jen yio ko maantak ñan rainin, im ejañin jimwe im jejet namejler. Kõtõbar eo in ej ñan kemramlok armij in Majõl ekoba armij in America im aolep armij in lal in kin jerbal in ejjab jejet im jimwe nae armij in Kwajalein im rar jorren jene iumwin 50 ak eloñlok yio ko.
DOWNLOAD the entire report from Yokwe Onilne yDownloads: Marshallese Version: The Plea of Kwajalein Landowners
The Special Relationship between Landowners and Their Lands in the Marshall Islands
At the most elementary level, the relationship of a Marshallese landowner to the land is typified by a condition characterized by Gray (1993: 5) as paradoxical. The landowner dignifies the land by his habitation of it on the one hand, and his utter dependence upon his physical environment for his survival on the other. The land becomes the landowner's base for the fulfillment of his material needs. To a certain extent, this initial treatment may be sufficient to satisfy the legal definition of landownership per se. However, at the deeper level in the specific context of the Marshall Islands, this viewpoint is considered simplistic and is a 'pale shadow' (ibid: 5) when examined against the much more deeply rooted and highly complex nature of land ownership in the country.
Click to read the entire report online: The Special Relationship between Landowners and Their Lands in the Marshall Islands
There appears to be a misunderstanding among the Marshallese public about the role of Kwajalein landowners. This is most probably due to the lack of knowledge and understanding about the long standing suffering that Kwajalein landowners have experienced but which to date has not been addressed in a fair and just manner. The objective of this article is to enlighten the general public in the Marshall Islands as well as in the United States and the rest of the world about the injustice that the landowners have suffered over the past fifty years or more.
Click to read entire report online: A Plea of Kwajalein Landowners